Gum disease occurs when bacteria infect your gums and the tissues around your teeth. The main cause of gum disease is plaque and tartar build up on your teeth, especially at the gum line. If plaque and tartar are not removed, they can provide a home for dangerous bacteria, and over time these bacteria can irritate your gums and cause gum disease. Left untreated, gum disease can lead to loss of teeth, damage to your gums and jaw bones, and other serious health issues.
Although bleeding and sore gums are typical symptoms of gum disease, it can also occur without symptoms and can only be detected by a professional. The best prevention for gum disease is regular brushing and flossing and routine professional cleanings by a dental hygienist.
If you suspect you might be suffering from gum disease, contact our office today to schedule an examination. We offer non-surgical periodontal therapy to help prevent and treat gum disease.
If tartar has extended above your gum line, the roots of your teeth will need to be scaled or planed to remove it and prevent infection. Both procedures involve the use of special tools to clean the tartar from your roots.
In the event a tooth becomes severely damaged or decayed, or if the pulp of the tooth becomes infected, it might be necessary to extract the tooth. Extractions are performed under local anesthetic, and we have sedation options for anxiety and pain. We also offer post-extraction consultation to help you understand replacement options and care for the tooth socket.
Infections can spread into your bone tissue, potentially causing bone loss. In cases where bone tissue has been lost, we can rebuilt the bone by performing a bone graft. In a bone graft, bone tissue is grafted onto the damaged area, where it grows into the existing bone and rebuilds the area.